Countries Submit Emission Pledges ahead of Paris Climate Summit
Emission pledges from some of the world’s major nations have been received by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as part of the build-up to the Paris climate talks in December this year.
The United States has pledged to cut emissions by 28% below 2005 levels by 2025, while the 28 European Union countries have promised a 40% reduction by 2030. China (currently the world’s highest carbon emitter) and India are yet to commit to their climate change strategies. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has said that net emissions of carbon need to drop by between 40% and 70% by 2050 in an attempt to avoid a global temperature rise beyond 2oC.
An analysis of emission pledges made so far by the New Climate Institute (NCI) has concluded that the current IPCC target is unlikely to be met. Lead researcher Dr Niklas Höhne is urging governments to look at the benefits of climate change mitigation. “The governments that are now looking into climate action should seriously consider these co-benefits and not only look at costs and things that make it difficult to make these decisions. There are many significant co-benefits of these actions,” he said.
The report predicts that 6,000 pollution-related deaths in Europe would be avoided if the 2oC target is met, while 1.04 million jobs in the renewable energy sector could be created worldwide.