Climate Change Deal Looks to End Fossil Fuel Era
Four years of negotiations concluded at the weekend with a universal agreement on climate change at COP21 in Paris. The agreement, which was backed by a consensus of the 196 nations, present aims to limit average global warming to ‘well below’ 2C while pursuing efforts to limit any increase to 1.5C.
A long term goal to phase out greenhouse gas emissions is the target by achieving a balance between anthropogenic emissions and removal by carbon sinks. Each country will be responsible for reporting domestic action on targets every five years, with figures referred to as nationally determined contributions (NDC). A new global goal for adaptation has been set for the first time although it was agreed that some effects of climate change may be impossible to adapt to.
Energy and Climate Change Secretary Amber Rudd, who was part of the European Union negotiating team said; “We have witnessed an important step forward, with an unprecedented number of countries agreeing to a deal to limit global temperature rises and avoid the worst impacts of climate change. This is vital for our long-term economic and global security. This deal will ensure all countries are held to account for their climate commitments and gives a clear signal to business to invest in the low carbon transition.”
Individual nations must now ratify or approve the agreement which won’t enter into force until it has been ratified by 55 countries who must account for 55% of total global greenhouse gas emissions.
You can view the full agreement HERE